A denture is a removable replacement for missing teeth and adjacent tissues.
It is made of acrylic resin, sometimes in combination with various metals.
Conventional dentures are placed in the mouth about a month after all the teeth are removed to allow for proper healing, meaning fewer adjustments are needed.
Immediate dentures are placed in the mouth as soon as the teeth are removed, but may require more adjustments after the healing has taken place.
An advantage of immediate dentures is that the wearer does not have to be without teeth during the healing period. However, bones and gums can shrink over time, especially during the period of healing in the first six months after the removal of teeth. When gums shrink, immediate dentures may require rebasing or relining to fit properly.
A conventional denture can then be made once the tissues have healed. Healing may take at least 6-8 weeks.
Complete dentures replace all the teeth.
A partial denture fills in the spaces created by missing teeth and prevents other teeth from changing position, and is suitable for those who have some natural teeth remaining.
Sometimes we will make implant retained dentures which once integration of the implants has taken place will then clip onto the fixtures.
Patients for complete dentures will have lost most or all of their teeth.
Dentures improve chewing ability and speech, and provide support for facial muscles, greatly enhancing the facial appearance and smile.
New denture wearers need time to get accustomed to their new 'teeth', because even the best fitting dentures will feel awkward at first.
While most patients can begin to speak normally within a few hours, many patients report discomfort with eating for several days to a few weeks.
We recommend soft, easy-to-chew foods for you to become accustomed to chewing.
It is perfectly normal to notice a slight change in facial appearance, increased salivary flow, minor speech difficulty, soreness or minor irritation.
As your mouth becomes accustomed to the dentures, these problems should diminish.
One or more follow-up appointments with the dentist are generally needed after a denture is inserted.
If any problem persists, particularly irritation or soreness, you should let us know so we can adjust the teeth to make them more comfortable for you to wear.
A denture is fragile, so it is important to handle it with care. We recommend that for the best results you do the following:
You may be advised to wear your denture most of the time during the first two weeks, even while sleeping, after this initial time period and under normal circumstances it is considered best to remove it at night.
Research has shown that removing the denture for at least eight hours allows the gum tissue to rest and allows normal stimulation and cleansing by the tongue and saliva.
This promotes better long-term health of the gums.
Eating will take a little practice. Start with soft foods cut into small pieces.
Chew slowly using both sides of your mouth at the same time to prevent the dentures from tipping.
As you become accustomed to chewing, add other foods until you return to your normal diet. Continue to chew food using both sides of the mouth at the same time. Be cautious with hot or hard foods and sharp-edged bones or shells.
An overdenture is a removable denture that fits over a small number of remaining natural teeth or implants.
The natural teeth must be in a condition to provide stability and support for the denture.
Dentures do not have to be the only way to restore a patient who has lost most or all of their teeth.
Implants can now be used to underline permanently cemented bridges, eliminating the need for a denture.
The cost tends to be greater, but implants and bridges more closely resemble the 'feel' of real teeth.